He said that he had worked very hard. Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech; Simple present: Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said: She said that she always drank coffee. Present perfect continuous tense expresses the action which is occurred in the past, and they proceed in the current situation or maybe in the future. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, … Direct and Indirect speech exercise present perfect continuous tense solved with answers Pdf. For example: Direct speech: I love to play football. Unlike direct speech, which occurs in the present tense, indirect speech usually occurs in the past tense. Indirect speech: Bill said (that) he can't come in today because he's sick. She asked what time the train arrived. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Future Tense . Keeping the present tense in reported speech can give the impression of immediacy, that it's being reported soon after the direct quote,such as: Direct speech: Bill said, "I can't come in today, because I'm sick." The structure of the independent clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command. She said Moo is living there with them. This process is called tense backshift. e.g. In this case, the verb that you are relating moves one step back into the past. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. For example: Direct Speech: “I’m going to … We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Abigail said (that) Answer: Abigail said (that) Isabella hated fish. Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. In this case,Present Perfect Continuous of Direct Speech becomes Past Perfect Continuous of Indirect SpeechThe sportsman said "I have been training for 6 hours daily"-a-The sportsman said that I had been training for 6 hours daily-ea-The man said "I have been watching you"-a-The man said that I had Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Task No. He said that he was living in Paris. : Present continuous: Past continuous Direct speech Indirect speech "What is your name?" = She said that she was tired. 2331. Show example. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. past simple: I bought a car: She said (that) she had bought a car OR She said (that) she bought a car. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. Review reported statements here; Download this quiz in PDF here Jeremy said (that) Answer: Jeremy said (that) he had always wanted a dog. Direct and Indirect of Past Perfect Progressive Tense Change: As a rule, when we convey a message we go one tense back, but remember we have to use the same tense both in quoted and reported speech when we convey a message from past perfect progressive tense. Finish the sentences using Reported speech. If Direct Speech is Present Continuous−−>In indirect Form it becomes Past ContinuousExampleDirect SpeechSister said" I am going to market"Indirect SpeechSister said that she was going to marketNote:-In Direct Speech,we use "am going" (Present Continous)In Indirect Speech,we use "was going"(Past Cont This sentence could also have been written as “She said she loves to play football.”) The tense doesn’t have to be changed in this case of reported speech. Reported speech. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. Example: Peter said, "Carol is a nice girl." Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. This is known as backshifting in reported speech, with the basic rule that a tense is shifted back to its past tense form.. Definition. Reported Speech Exercise 10. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. Let’s start Past Perfect Continuous Reported Speech Past perfect continuous tense shows that work had … Using the Past Tense . He said (that) he might arrive late.. Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." Do you need help? Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech; present simple: I like ice cream : She said (that) she liked ice cream. ", he asked. Present Simple and Present Continuous. he asked me. As words itself describe that direct indirect speech are opposite to each other. Task No. He said (that) he likes coffee. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. past simple: John said, "We bought a house last week." The policeman asked the boy where he lived. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. 1. He asked me what my name was. Example: Abigail: "Isabella hates fish." Will I’II see you later. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. present continuous: I am living in London: She said (that) she was living in London. Do you need help? If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. He says, “He played guitar.” He says that he played guitar: You say, “I shall go to Paris.” You say that you will go to Paris. 2335. (Note 1 : Assume a gender if not mentioned already. He said that he liked ice cream. Simple Past: Simple Present: Simple Past: Simple Past: Simple Past Present Perfect Past Perfect: Past Perfect: Simple Past: will: would: Reported speech 'to be' Simple Past: am/is/are: was/were: Simple Past: was/were have/has been had been: had been He said (that) he liked coffee. Tenses 1. For example, the verbs "say" and "tell" are used to relate a conversation that you have had with someone. present continuous* She said, "Moo is living here with us." This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. Past Simple I bought a car. Reported speech (Indirect Speech) is how we represent the speech of other people or what we ourselves say.. Reported Speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself.Usually used in writing language such as novels, stories etc. she asked. It is also known as Present Perfect Progressive Tense. 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